The varietal is quite popular in Württemberg, but also has fans elsewhere. It is registered in the official list of varietals as Müllerebe. The name derives from "Müller" and "meunier" the German and French equivalents of miller, in reference to the hairy underside of the grape's leaves - they look like they've been dusted with flour. It is assumed to have originated in Burgundy, where it has been known for well over 400 years.
In Germany, the majority of plantings are in Württemberg. Nevertheless, the grape accounts for 2% of Germany's total vineyard area. In the 1980s, Schwarzriesling grew from 1,000 to 2,000 hectacres. Since then, this area has increased to 2,250 hectacres - 1,650 hectacres of which are located in Württemberg. It is of secondary importance in northern Baden, Rheinhessen, the Pfalz and Franken.