Trollinger is Württemberg's premier red grape variety. In fact, these agreeable wines are known as the “Swabian national drink.” The grape probably originated in southern Tyrol, where it is known as Vernatsch.
Between 1960 and 1990, the area planted with Trollinger in Germany grew by some 1,000 hectacres, reaching its peak at about 2,500 hectacres, a level it basically retained in the decade thereafter. Today, there are some 2,400 hectacres. Trollinger is the number one red wine grape in Württemberg, followed by Schwarzriesling and Lemberger. Except for a few growers in the Pfalz and Baden regions, varietal statistics confirm that Trollinger is almost exclusively grown in Württemberg.